One Random Word for each Part of Speech

For a more thorough discussion of Palauan parts of speech, please refer to:

The following is a simple list of the Palauan parts of speech with brief descriptions and an example word for each one.

TypeExplanationExampleDefinition
1affixa word stem at the front or end of another word that modifies it-ekmy.
2aux.auxiliarymowill; shall; become; get.
3aux.past.auxiliary past tensemlobecame; got.
4babya baby wordchochchongbathe.
5conj.a conjuctionsolaeand then.
6cont.a contractionmek'me k-'
7expressionan expressionikakidhere they (things) are.
8interj.interjectionchertiiOh! Somebody farted.
9mod.modifierng diakno.
10n.nounchiliuadeseternity.
11n.a.s.anticipating state nounongertallhandkerchief; tissue, etc. for blowing nose in.
12n.a.s.poss.3san anticipating state noun possessed by a single person, animal, or thingruklelshare; portion.
13n.a.s.redup.a reduplicated anticipating state nounkerrekeriiltrial; judgement.
14n.act.action nounomeluchesthe manner or method in which something is drawn, written, or spelled.
15n.instr.instrument nounollaolmetal rack for roasting food on.
16n.pl.plural nounrechimelekeokinhabitants of Melekeok.
17n.poss.1pea noun possessed by the speaker and perhaps others, but not the listenercherengamportion; amount or quantity (of food) equal to those being served.
18n.poss.1pia noun possessed by the speaker and the listener and perhaps othersbudour (inclusive) smell/odor/scent.
19n.poss.1sa noun possessed by the speakerbukmy smell; my odor; my scent.
20n.poss.2pa noun possessed by multiple listenerscherengiuportion; amount or quantity (of food) equal to those being served.
21n.poss.2sa noun possessed by a single listenerbngamyour (singular) flower, green coconut sheath, etc.
22n.poss.3pa noun possessed by multiple peoplecherrirtheir laughs.
23n.poss.3snoun possesed by a single personosengelelgift of food carried to host.
24n.r.s.resulting state nounultechakllow-status newcomer who is commonly adopted by one of the existing (generally high-ranking) clans of the village and who have, more or less, the status of servants; a drifter; someone who drifts around without a fixed residence.
25n.r.s.poss.3sa resulting state noun possessed by a single person, animal, or thingdelengulelridiculing.
26n.r.s.redup.a reduplicated resulting state noundelmedimechlarge amount of dots or spots.
27n.redup.noun reduplicatedsesuudone shredded piece of pepper leaf (=kebui).
28n.res.a residual noun; something formed residually after an actionullecheluchelsawdust.
29num.numberklde3 [three] (animal; nonliving thing).
30pro.pronounengerangwhy.
31ques.question wordngerrachwhat is it?
32v.a.s.anticipating state verbsemikelis to be husked by hand.
33v.a.s.redup.a reduplicated anticipating state verbdengdengechel(someone's status) is to be pointed out/questioned.
34v.caus.causative verbolsibesinsist on getting one's own way.
35v.caus.inch.an inchoative causative verboldiongis beginning to shout.
36v.caus.redup.a reduplicated causative verbolchechemeraechkeep shifting eyes from side to side.
37v.erg.ergative verbmechetiruirget dizzy from betel nut.
38v.erg.inch.an inchoactive ergative verbmechitangbeginning to be abandoned.
39v.erg.pasta past-tense form on an ergative verbmilecheedgot/became stuck.
40v.erg.recip.redup.a reciprocated, ergative verbkabebeuget broken all at once.
41v.erg.redup.reduplicated ergative verbmechechesimereasy to close.
42v.i.intransitive verboublaiown (a particular house); have house made of (particular material).
43v.i.inch.inchoative instransitive verbmerresngangis beginning to crow.
44v.i.pred.predictive instransitive verbrosngungis about to drown.
45v.i.redup.intransitive verb reduplicatedoumismiskcontinually make sucking or clicking sound (to show disapproval).
46v.imp.imperative verbBo mchensi!Sit down!.
47v.imp.3piimperative verb suggesting a collective activity with both the speaker and listener(s)debiiLet's divide [our ...]
48v.inch.inchoative verbmelekesangis beginning to pole (raft, canoe, etc.).
49v.pasta past-tense of a verbmleicame; arrived.
50v.pf.3p.humana perfective verb operating on multiple peopletokingiterirtalk to people for purpose of discipline or persuasion.
51v.pf.3p.inan.pasta perfective verb which happened in the past to multiple objectsmilliikpicked (coconuts).
52v.pf.3sa perfective verb acting on a single personmelkiiget coconuts from (tree).
53v.pf.3s.pasta perfective verb which happened in the past to a single person, animal, or thingchiltengiipraised (him/her/it).
54v.pf.inch.a perfective inchoative verbcholbediangbeginning to hit.
55v.pred.a predictive verbrurtungis about to run.
56v.r.s.a resulting state verbtelboid(lantern etc.) turned on.
57v.r.s.redup.a reduplicated resulting state verbulechebechib(teeth of saw) partially restored.
58v.r.s.t.a resulting transitive state verbkluokucarrying; cradling.
59v.recip.a reciprocal verbkaukerrengtake care of each other.
60v.recip.redup.a reciprocal, reduplicated, verbkabebitokl(people) sleeping with heads in opposite directions; (logs etc.) arranged with thick ends in opposite directions; (words, statements) contradictory.
61v.redup.a reduplicated verbmelebtubkeep spitting .
62v.s.a state verbongasirengsurprising; astonishing.
63v.s.inch.a state inchoative verbdikeangno longer; no more; not... after all.
64v.s.inch.redupa reduplicated inchoative state vertmediditangis just getting dry.
65v.s.pl.a state verb describing multiple people, animals, or objectsmekesaiinsufficient; not enough; few (when describing multiple objects, people, etc.).
66v.s.pred.a predictive state verbkmedungis about to get near or close.
67v.s.redup.a reduplicated state verbbedebangdbouncy; having a good bounce.
68v.s.redup.inch.a reduplicated inchoative state verbbechelelengangbecoming white.
69v.s.t.transitive state verbmeduchknow how (to); be skilled at; (wood, metal, etc.) strong or durable; half-ripe (i.e. ready to pick); (pregnant woman) at full-term.
70v.s.t.inch.inchoative transitive state verbmedechangis getting to know how (to); is becoming skilled.
71v.s.t.redup.a reduplicated transitive state verbmererurrather ashamed/afraid of.
72v.t.a transitive verbolimoimlower; move (boat) out to deep water; give or bring (food) to meteet.
73v.t.inch.an inchoative transitive verbmelekingangis starting to talk.
74v.t.pred.a predictive transitive verbmengesmerungis about to close.
75v.t.redup.a transitive verb reduplicatedomesebasechrattle off (names) one after the other.
76var.a variant spelling and pronounciation of another wordsekongitbekongit
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